M.D., M.A.
Jakov Gather
Principal investigator
Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Preventive Medicine, LWL University Hospital; Institute for Medical Ethics and History of Medicine, Ruhr University Bochum
Tel+4923432-28582
jakov.gather@rub.de

Jakov developed the Bochum SALUS project together with Matthé and directs the research group, coordinating and supervising all subprojects. As a psychiatrist and clinical ethicist, he brings clinical experience and psychiatric and ethical expertise to the research group. He is involved in designing and carrying out quantitative and qualitative empirical studies as well as in analyzing the data and interpreting the results.

Jakov studied medicine and philosophy in Mainz, Bern and Bochum and was a visiting scholar at the École Normale Supérieure in Paris and VU University Medical Center in Amsterdam. He coordinates the working group “Ethics in Psychiatry” at the Academy for Ethics in Medicine (AEM) and is a member of the commission “Ethics and Law” of the German Association for Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics (DGPPN) and the institutional review board of the medical faculty of the Ruhr University Bochum.

His research interests include coercion in psychiatry, psychiatric advance directives, competence to consent, and ethical aspects of research with persons under involuntary commitment.

Ph.D.
Matthé Scholten
Co-investigator
Institute for Medical Ethics and History of Medicine, Ruhr University Bochum
Tel+4923432-28628
matthe.scholten@rub.de

Matthé developed and co-directs the Bochum SALUS project together with Jakov. Being trained as a philosopher, his primary task within the SALUS project is to analyze and clarify current debates about coercion in psychiatry from a conceptual and ethical perspective and to identify empirical assumptions in those debates for further empirical research. In addition, he is involved in designing and carrying out various empirical bioethics studies as well as in analyzing the data and interpreting the results.

Matthé received a PhD in philosophy from the University of Amsterdam and was a visiting scholar amongst others at UC Berkeley, the University of Tokyo and the National Institutes of Health. Alongside his BA and MA studies at the University of Amsterdam, he worked as an auxiliary nurse in a rehabilitation center.

His research interests include competence to consent, coercion in psychiatry, research ethics, mental health law and psychiatric advance directives.

M.Sc., M.A.
Simone Efkemann
PhD Researcher
Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Preventive Medicine, LWL University Hospital, Ruhr University Bochum
simone.efkemann@rub.de

Simone is working as a PhD candidate in the SALUS project and assists Jakov Gather with the administration of the SALUS research group. As a psychologist she brings along expertise in quantitative (and qualitative) empirical research, therefore she is primarily involved in the conceptualization, conduction and especially statistical analysis and interpretation of various studies within the SALUS project. Furthermore, she contributes to conceptual debates on coercion in psychiatry from a psychological point of view.

Simone has studied at the Paris Lodron University Salzburg and the Ruhr University Bochum where she received a MSc in clinical psychology and a MA in criminology and police science. Currently, she is working on her PhD in psychology.Since school and alongside her studies she has worked in several (mental) health contexts, such as inpatient and outpatient care for persons with (mental) disabilities.

Her research interests mainly include staff attitudes and decision-making processes towards the use of, the role of police in coercion against (mentally ill) people, mental health law and police law, treatment concepts in psychiatry (esp. open-door policies) and the prevalence and conditions of coercive measures.

Ph.D.
Sarah Potthoff
Researcher
Institute for Medical Ethics and History of Medicine, Ruhr University Bochum
sarah.potthoff@rub.de

Sarah works as a postdoc on the SALUS project. She is primarily responsible for designing and carrying out the qualitative subproject on the use of treatment pressures in psychiatry. Within the SALUS project, she offers consultation for the design and analysis of qualitative studies.

Sarah received a PhD in sociology from the University of Bielefeld. She was an associate at the New Delhi Institute of Social Sciences and spent several months in India and the Philippines for field research. Before joining the SALUS research group, she was as lecturer and as researcher at the social sciences department of the Ruhr University Bochum. Alongside her master’s studies in sociology and literature, she worked as a student assistant in a residential home for persons with mental disorders and epilepsy.

Her research interests include qualitative methodology, research ethics, socio and legal studies, and coercion in psychiatry.

Esther Braun
Researcher
Institute for Medical Ethics and History of Medicine, Ruhr University Bochum
Tel+4923432-28642
esther.braun@rub.de

Esther Braun is a researcher at the Institute for Medical Ethics and History of Medicine at the Ruhr University Bochum and has been part of the SALUS group since October 2020.

Esther studied medicine in Frankfurt and Mainz with clinical rotations in Israel, Ecuador and Colombia. In parallel, she studied Comparative Literature, History and Philosophy of Science (B.A.) and Philosophy (M.A.) in Frankfurt. She is currently studying for an MSt in Practical Ethics at Oxford University part-time. Next to her license as a physician in Germany, she completed the US Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE). She was awarded the Mildred-Scheel Scholarship by the German Cancer Aid during her research project in experimental oncology for her medical dissertation.

Her research interests include concepts of well-being in a psychiatric context and psychiatric advance directives.

M.D., M.A.
Mirjam Faissner
Researcher
Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Preventive Medicine, LWL University Hospital, Ruhr University Bochum
Mirjam.Faissner@rub.de

Mirjam works as a postdoc in the Ethics of Psychiatry working group at the LWL University Hospital for Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Preventive Medicine Bochum and has been part of the research group SALUS since January 2021.

Mirjam studied medicine at the University of Hamburg with visits abroad in France, Australia and Sri Lanka. In parallel, she studied Philosophy and French Literature at the University of Hamburg before completing a master’s in Philosophy of Medicine and Psychiatry at King's College London. Her academic performance in her master's program was recognized with the Simon Dally Book Award. Her medical dissertation in Psychiatry at the UKE was awarded the Hedwig Wallis Dissertation Prize in Psychosocial Medicine.

In addition to coercion in psychiatry, her research interests include feminist theory with a focus on intersectionality, participatory research, and social epistemology.

B.Sc.
Seyda Karaca
Research Assistant
Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Preventive Medicine, LWL University Hospital, Ruhr University Bochum
seyda.karaca@rub.de

Seyda works as a research assistant in the SALUS project, primarily within the subproject well-being, security and coercion in general psychiatry. Additionally, she supports the team as well as other SALUS subprojects.

Seyda studied applied psychology (B.Sc.) at the Fresenius University for Applied Sciences in Düsseldorf and currently studies clinical psychology at Ruhr University Bochum.

Anna Werning
Research Assistant
Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Preventive Medicine, LWL University Hospital, Ruhr University Bochum
anna.werning@rub.de

Anna works as a research assistant in the SALUS project in Bochum and supports the team members in carrying out empirical studies and data analysis as well as preparing publications. She also assumes administrative and organizational tasks.

Anna holds a Diploma in Molecular Biomedicine from the University of Bonn. During her studies, she spent six months at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm. She is a trained EX-IN peer support worker and brings her experience as a peer scientist to the SALUS team. Alongside her work in the SALUS project, she studies medicine at the Ruhr University of Bochum.

Her interests include peer support work, participatory research, coercion in psychiatry and psychiatric advance directives.

Marleen Finke
Student Assistant
Institute for Medical Ethics and History of Medicine, Ruhr University Bochum
marleen.finke@rub.de

Marleen works in the SALUS project as an MD student and a student assistant. In collaboration with other SALUS team members, she will carry out focus groups with service users, mental health professionals and other stakeholders on the opportunities and risks of self-binding directives. As a student assistant, she supports the SALUS team with administrative and organizational tasks.

Marleen studies medicine at the Ruhr University Bochum. She developed an interest in medical ethical questions in the course of her studies and internships and gained insight in another health care system and broadened her perspective on medical ethical issues during an exchange stay at the National University of Ireland in Galway.

Christin Hempeler
Student Assistant
Institute for Medical Ethics and History of Medicine, Ruhr University Bochum
christin.hempeler@rub.de

As a student assistant in the SALUS project, Christin primarily works within the qualitative-empirical subproject on the views of service users and relatives on treatment pressures in psychiatry.

Christin studies medicine at Hannover Medical School as well as philosophy and political science at Leibniz University Hannover. As part of her philosophy degree, she spent one semester at the University of the West Indies in Kingston, Jamaica.

Konstantin Juckel
Student Assistant
Institute for Medical Ethics and History of Medicine, Ruhr University Bochum
konstantin.juckel@rub.de

As a student assistant in the Salus project, Konstantin primarily works within the subproject on ethical challenges in forensic psychiatry. He supports the team with administrative and organizational tasks, but also with legal questions concerning all subject areas of the Salus project.

Konstantin studies law at Ruhr-Universtity Bochum.

Fee Roth
Student Assistant
Institute for Medical Ethics and History of Medicine, Ruhr University Bochum
fee.roth@rub.de

Fee Roth works in the SALUS project primarily in the area of qualitative-empirical data processing and evaluation. Her research interest in psychiatric issues and the associated ethical challenges is based on her work at the local clinic for child and adolescent psychiatry.

Fee Roth studies social science at the Ruhr University in Bochum.